Scientists Develop High-safety and Scalable Planar Zn//MnO2 Micro-Batteries

Reading time ( words)

A research group led by Prof. WU Zhongshuai from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences developed rechargeable aqueous planar Zn//MnO2 micro-batteries fabricated by low-cost, highly efficient, scalable screen printing technique.

The rapid development of the new-generation miniaturized and wearable electronics has stimulated demand for corresponding miniature energy storage devices. The planar micro-batteries, which overcome the shortcomings of the traditional stacked geometry, such as large volume, poor mechanical flexibility, and easy separation of the interface under bending state, are a promising candidate for flexible electronics.

In order to address the safety issues, scientists are developing high-safety aqueous electrolytes to replace flammable organic electrolytes, and constructing high-safety aqueous planar micro-batteries.

Due to the abundance of their electrode materials, Zn//MnO2 micro-batteries have attracted many attentions. However, there is still a lack of simple, efficient and large-scale microfabrication technique for fabricating aqueous planar Zn//MnO2 micro-batteries.


Fabrication of printed Zn//MnO2 planar MBs. (Image by WANG Xiao and HOU Xiaocheng)

In this work, thixotropic ink was firstly configured with manganese dioxide, zinc powder and graphene as active materials, to produce the positive, negative electrodes and the current collector of Zn//MnO2 batteries, respectively. Then, multi-step screen printing method was adopted to realize the simple and low-cost preparation of planar Zn//MnO2 micro-batteries.

The researchers found that the prepared Zn//MnO2 batteries showed not only environmental friendliness and high safety but also exceptional durability, with a capacity of 83.9% for 1300 cycles at current density of 5 C, and good mechanical flexibility and performance uniformity.

In addition, the variety of printing substrates could meet the needs of different application scenarios. As screen printing is a mature technology in industry, this work would be highly promising for cost-efficient and large-scale preparation of planar Zn//MnO2 batteries, and offered new insights for the development of other planar flexible energy storage devices, and the research and application of graphene.



Suggested Items

Ocean of Things Aims to Expand Maritime Awareness across Open Seas

12/12/2017 | DARPA
The internet of things connects an ever-growing number of smart devices for up-to-the-minute monitoring and tracking of many common events. Head out to most parts of the open ocean, however, and no such capability exists for real-time monitoring of maritime activity.

Today’s MilAero Options: Outsourcing—‘Everybody’s Doing it’ Not so True Today

06/27/2016 | Marc Carter
There was a time, not so many decades ago, when that most commonly-stated mantra (“lower labor costs”) behind offshoring printed circuit fab (and some assembly) operations, still had some case-by-case validity.

How a NASA Team Turned a Smartphone into a Satellite Business

02/19/2016 | NASA
Satellites aren’t small or cheap. The Solar Dynamics Observatory launched by NASA in 2010 weighs about 6,800 pounds and cost $850 million to build and put into orbit. Even the satellites built under NASA’s Discovery Program, aimed at encouraging development of low-cost spacecraft, still have price tags beyond the reach of smaller companies or research organizations.

Copyright © 2020 I-Connect007. All rights reserved.