India's Robot Wonder


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Sales of industrial robots in India reached a new record of 4,771 new units installed in 2018. That is an increase of 39% compared to the previous year. India now ranks eleventh worldwide in terms of annual installations. These are the findings of the report World Robotics 2019, presented by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).

"India is one of the strongest growing economies among the emerging markets in Asia," says Junji Tsuda, president of the International Federation of Robotics. "Whilst the recent global results were quite moderate, India saw an impressive growth rate of 39% in 2018. The number of robot installations has been growing rapidly for several years now. Between 2013 and 2018, India saw a compound annual growth rate of 20%." 

Promising Outlook

Prospects for further increasing robot installations are promising. The Indian GDP is expected to grow by more than 7% in 2019 and companies across many industries intend to expand capacities. India has a young population, hence a strong workforce in need of jobs. The country needs to expand its manufacturing industry to create more job opportunities. Higher wages and the rising share of affluent citizens in India are the main drivers of a growing and promising consumer market.

Automotive industry

The automotive industry remains the largest customer industry by far, with a share of 44% of total installations. But the strongest growth driver in 2018 was the general industry, increasing by 28%, consisting of the rubber and plastics industry, the metal industry and the electrical/electronics industry. Robot use in non-automotive manufacturing is catching up with the automotive sector.

Robot stock and India's potential

Regarding annual installations, India now ranks eleventh in the global annual supply—three places higher compared to the previous year and ahead of Singapore, Canada, and Thailand. The operational stock of robots rose to about 23,000 units: 21% compared to 2017. The country's automation potential is illustrated by a low robot density figure in the automotive industry: 99 industrial robots per 10,000 employees is less than a fourth of Indonesia’s density (440 units) and far away from China (732 units) and the frontrunner South Korea (2,589). India's robot density in the manufacturing industry only reaches a value of four industrial robots per 10,000 employees. 

About IFR

The International Federation of Robotics: www.ifr.org

The IFR Statistical Department provides data for two annual robotics studies:

World Robotics—Industrial Robots: This unique report provides global statistics on industrial robots in standardized tables and enables national comparisons to be made. It presents statistical data for around 40 countries broken down into areas of application, customer industries, types of robots and other technical and economic aspects. Production, export and import data is listed for selected countries. It also offers robot density, i.e. the number of robots per 10,000 employees, as a measure for the degree of automation.

World Robotics—Service Robots: This unique report provides global statistics on service robots, market analyses, case studies and international research strategies in service robotics. The study is jointly prepared with our partner organization Fraunhofer IPA, Stuttgart.

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